Category Archives: História do Direito

O Homem


Rousseau e Hobbes (entre outros) no seu tempo discutiam filosoficamente a natureza benigna ou maligna do Homem.Os dias de hoje não deixam muitas dúvidas.

Anúncios

Em modo sábado


  “No espelho, vê-se o rosto; no vinho, o entendimento”

Lei seca


Neste dia em 1933, terminava a “lei seca”. Assim se celebrou nos bares.  

Memória curta


Para que a memória não se torne curta. Soldados alemães do campo de concentração de Belsen-Belsen obrigados a carregar os corpos das suas vítimas. No dia de hoje em 1945.

Escravatura


Em 1769, no Reino Unido, assim de anunciava a chegada de uma nau negreira. A bordo, como carga para vender, 39 homens, 24 mulheres, 15 rapazes e 16 raparigas. Todos de boa saúde. Assim se foi fazendo a nossa Europa. Origem: Serra-Leoa.

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BIG BROTHER


Esta era a dimensão dos arquivos em Washington do FBI em 1950. Agora imagine-se,com a informática e software actuais, a imensidão do “big brother”

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Direitos Humanos


Direitos Humanos. Em 1960 na Austrália, os aborígenes ainda eram legalmente considerados como fazendo parte da “fauna e da flora”. Praticamente isto foi ontem.

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Dia D – 70 anos


LTCF – Advogados (@LTCFadvogados)
06/06/14, 13:06
Dia D. Há 70 anos na costa da Normandia iniciou-se uma das maiores batalhas da história da Humanidade. Não restam… fb.me/6vbYU2CQy

“Bacchanalia” in Rome


The bacchanalia were rites originally held in ancient Greece as the Dionysia.
The most famous of the Greek Dionysia were in Attica and included … a festal procession … a drinking feast [and] dramatic performances in the theatre of Dionysus.
The rites spread to Rome from the Greek colonies in Southern Italy; here they were secret and only attended by women. The festivals occurred in the grove of Simila near the Aventine Hill on March 16 and March 17. Later, admission to the rites was extended to men, and celebrations took place five times a month. According to Livy, the extension happened in an era when the leader of the Bacchus cult was Paculla Annia – though it is now believed that some men had participated before that.
Livy informs us that the rapid spread of the cult, which he claims indulged in all kinds of crimes and political conspiracies at its nocturnal meetings, led in 186 BC to a decree of the – the so-called Senatus Consultim Bacchanalibus, inscribed on a bronze tablet discovered inApulia in Southern Italy (1640), now at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Viena – by which the Bacchanalia were prohibited throughout all Italy except in certain special cases which must be approved specifically by the Senate. In spite of the severe punishment inflicted on those found in violation of this decree (Livy claims there were more executions than imprisonment), the Bacchanalia survived in Southern Italy long past the repression.
Livy, reporting the evidence given by a woman who had been involved in the rites to a Roma investigative Consul, writes:
“there was no crime, no deed of shame, wanting. More uncleanness was committed by men with men than with women. Whoever would not submit to defilement, or shrank from violating others, was sacrificed as a victim. To regard nothing as impious or criminal was the sum total of their religion. The men, as though seized with madness and with frenzied distortions of their bodies, shrieked out prophecies; the matrons, dressed as Bacchae, their hair disheveled, rushed down to the Tiber River with burning torches, plunged them into the water, and drew them out again, the flame undiminished because they were made of sulfur mixed with lime. Men were fastened to a machine and hurried off to hidden caves, and they were said to have been taken away by the gods. These were the men who refused to join their conspiracy or take part in their crimes or submit to their pollution.
Suggestions by Livy that the Romans banned the rites because women occupied leadership positions in the cult have been dismissed by Celia Schultz, thus:
In light of [this] view of female religious activity … and despite the claims of Livy’s narrative, it is unlikely that the gender of worshippers involved was the primary motivation behind the Senate’s [banning] action.
Also, Erich Gruen writes:
All the leaders singled out by Livy are male. … The severity of Rome’s crack-down needs explanation beyond any menace posed by women.
He suggests that the prohibition was a display of the Senate’s supreme power to the Italian allies as well as competitors within the Roman political system, such as individual victorious generals whose popularity made them a threat to the Senate’s collective authority.

(in wikipedia)